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VISN 2 Center of Excellence for Suicide Prevention

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Peter C. Britton, PhDResearcher

Biography 

Publications 

Presentations 

Grants 

Peter C Britton Photo

Biography: Dr. Britton completed his PhD in clinical psychology at the University of Arkansas. He completed his APA-accredited pre doctoral internship at the University of Rochester Medical Center School of Medicine and Dentistry (URMC) and was a National Research Services Award (NRSA) Postdoctoral Fellow (T32 MH20061; Conwell, PI) in the Center for the Study and Prevention of Suicide (CSPS) at the URMC. Upon completion of his postdoctoral fellowship, Dr. Britton joined the Center of Excellence for Suicide Prevention as a clinical researcher.

Research Interests: Dr. Britton’s research focuses on understanding risk and protective factors for suicide, suicide attempts, and unintentional overdoses in high-risk populations, and the development and evaluation of preventive interventions. To date, his research has emphasized identifying risk and protective factors for short and long-term risk in Veterans and individuals with substance use disorders, developing clinical approaches to prevention such as Motivational Interviewing to Address Suicidal Ideation (MI-SI), and examining influences on National Veterans Crisis Line (NVCL) call outcomes. He has received funding as a principal investigator from VA CSR&D and QUERI, and as a co-investigator from VA HSR&D and NIDA.

Recent Publications:

Britton, P., Stephens, B., Wu, J., Kane, C., Gallego, A., Ashrafioun, L., Tu, X., & Conner, K. R. (in press). Comorbid depression and alcohol use disorders and prospective risk for suicide attempt in the year following inpatient hospitalization. Journal of Affective Disorders.

Britton, P., Bryan, C. J., & Valenstein, M. (in press). Motivational Interviewing for Means Restriction Counseling with Patients at Risk for Suicide. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice.

Britton, P., Kopacz, M., Stephens, B., & Bossarte, R. M. (in press). Veterans Crisis Line callers with and without prior VHA service use. Archives of Suicide Research.

Britton, P. C., Van Orden, K., Hirsch, J. K. Williams, G. C. (2014). Basic psychological needs, suicidal ideation, and risk for suicidal behavior in young adults. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 44(4), 362-371.

Britton, P., Bossarte, R. M., Thompsons, C., Kemp, J., & Conner, K. R. (2013).  Influences in call outcomes among Veteran callers to the National Veterans Crisis Line. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 43(5), 494-502.

Britton, P. C.,Ilgen, M. A., Rudd, M. D., Conner, K. R. (2013). Authors' response to commentary on suicidal ideas and immediate suicide risk. Psychiatry Research, 209(3). 747.

Rowe, C. A., Walker, K., Britton, P. C., & Hirsch, J. K. (2013). Basic psychological needs as a moderator of the association between negative life events and suicidal behavior. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention. 34(4), 233-241. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000173

Bohnert, A. S. B., Ilgen, M. A., Bossarte, R. M., Britton, P. C., Chermack, S. T., & Blow, F. C. (2012) Veteran status and alcohol use in men in the United States. Military Medicine, 177(2), 198-203.

Britton, P. C. (2012). Advances in motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation (MI-SI). In J. Lavigne (Ed.), Frontiers in suicide risk: Research, treatment and prevention (pp. 79-93). New York: Nova Science Pub Inc.

Britton, P. C., Bohnert, A., Wines, J. D., & Conner, K. R. (2012). A procedure that differentiates unintentional from intentional overdose in opioid abusers. Addictive Behaviors, 37(1), 127-130.

Britton, P. C., Bossarte, R. M., & Ouimette, P. (2012). The effect of depression on the association between military service and life satisfaction. Quality of Life Research. 21(10), 1857-1862.

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R., & Maisto, S. A. (2012). An open trial of motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation (MI-SI) with psychiatrically hospitalized Veterans. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68(9), 961-971

Britton, P. C., Ilgen, M. A., Rudd, M. D., & Conner, K. R. (2012). Warning signs for suicide within a week of healthcare contact in Veteran decedents. Psychiatry Research, 200(2-3), 395-399

Britton, P. C., Ilgen, M. A., Valenstein, M., Knox, K., Claassen, C., & Conner, K. R. (2012). Differences between Veteran suicides with and without psychiatric diagnoses. American Journal of Public Health, 102(S1), S125-S130.

Olson-Madden, J., Brenner, L., Corrigan, J. D., Emrick, C. & Britton, P. C. (2012). Substance use and mild traumatic brain injury risk reduction and prevention: A novel model for treatment. Rehabilitation Research and Practice. 2012(2012), 1-6. doi:10.1155/2012/174579

Pigeon, W. R., Britton, P. C., Ilgen, M. A., & Conner, K. R. (2012). Sleep disturbance preceding suicide among Veterans. American Journal of Public Health, 102(S1), S93-S97.

Britton, P. C., Bossarte, R., Lu, N., He, H., Currier, G., Crilly, J., Richardson, T., Tu, X., & Knox, K. L. (2011). Prevalence, correlates, and zymptom profiles of depression among men with a history of military service. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 46(7), 607-614.

Britton, P. C., Patrick, H., & Williams, G. C. (2011). Motivational interviewing, self-determination theory, and cognitive behavioral therapy to prevent suicidal behavior. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 18(1), 16-27.

Britton, P. C., & Conner, K. R. (2010). Suicide attempts in the 12 months following treatment for substance use disorders. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 40(1): 14-21.

Britton, P. C., Wines, J. D., & Conner, K. R. (2010). Non-fatal overdose in the 12 months following treatment for substance use disorders. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 107(1), 51-55.

Hirsch, J. K., Britton, P. C., & Conner, K.R.  (2010). Reliability of the Life Orientation Test - Revised in treated opiate-dependent patients. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 8(3), 423-431.

Chapman, B. P., Tatman, A. W., Britton, P. C., & Talbot, N. (2009). Personality traits and the working alliance in psychotherapy trainees: An organizing role for the Five Factor Model. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 28(5), 577-596.

Edelstein, B. A., Heisel, M. J., McKee, D. R., Martin, R. R. Koven, L. P., Duberstein, P. R. & Britton, P. C. (2009). Development and psychometric evaluation of The Reasons For Living - Older Adults Scale: A suicide risk assessment inventory. The Gerontologist. 49(6), 736-745.

Faris, A. S., Fishburne, J., Cavell, T., & Britton, P. C. (2009). Examining Motivational Interviewing from a client agency perspective. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(9), 955-970.

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R., Williams, G. C. (2008). Self-Determination Theory, Motivational Interviewing, and the treatment of clients with acute suicidal ideation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64(1), 52-66.

Britton, P. C., Duberstein, P. R., Conner, K. R., Heisel, M. J., Hirsch, J. P., Conwell, Y. (2008). Reasons for living, hopelessness, and suicide ideation among depressed adults 50 years or older. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16(9), 736-741.

Britton, P. C., & Conner, K. R. (2007). Reliability of the UCLA loneliness scale in opiate dependent individuals. Journal of Personality Assessment, 88(3), 368-371.

Conner, K. R., Britton, P. C., Sworts, L. A., & Joiner, T. (2007). Suicide attempts among individuals with opiate dependence: The critical role of felt belonging. Addictive Behavior, 32(7), 1395-1404.

Britton, P. C., & Fuendeling, J. M. (2005). The relations among varieties of adult attachment and the components of empathy. Journal of Social Psychology, 145(5), 519-530.

Britton, P. C. (2004). The relation of coping strategies to alcohol consumption and alcohol-related consequences in a college sample.  Addiction Research and Theory, 12(2), 103-114.

Recent Presentations:

Connor, K. R., Wu, J., Britton, P., Stephens, B., Gallegos, A., & Tu, X. M. (2015, June). Suicdie attempt in the year following hospitalizaation among veterans with depression and alochol use disorder. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the World Congress of the International Association of Suicide Prevention, Montreal, Canada.

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R. & Maisto, S. A. (2014, August). Motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation (MI-SI). Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychologoical Association, Washington, DC.

Britton, P. C. & Rasmussen, K. (2014, April). Self-determination theory and the study and prevention of suicide. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Los Angeles, CA.

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R. & Maisto, S. A. (2014, April). Motivational interviewing three and its use with patients at risk for suicidal behavior. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Los Angeles, CA.

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R. & Maisto, S. A. (2014, April). Motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation (MI-SI): An update. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Los Angeles, CA.

Britton, P. C., Van Orden, K., Hirsch, J. K. & Williams, G. C. (2013, April). Basic psychological needs, suicidal ideation, and the progression to attempts in young adults. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Austin, TX.

Britton, P. C., Bossarte, R. M., Thompson, C., Kemp, J. & Conner, K. R. (2013,April). Influences on call outcomes among Veteran callers to the National Veterans Crisis Line. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Austin, TX.

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R. & Maisto, S. A. (2012, April). Motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation (MI-SI): Theory and research. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Baltimore, MD.

Britton, P. C., Ilgen, M. A., Rudd, M. D. & Conner, K. R. (2012, April). Warning signs for suicide within a week of healthcare contact in Veteran decedents. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Baltimore, MD.

Britton, P. C., Ilgen, M. A., Valenstein, M., Knox, K., Claassen, C. & Conner, K. R. (2011, October). Differences between Veteran suicides with and without psychiatric diagnoses. Paper persented at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Conference, Washington, DC.

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R. & Maisto, S. A. (2011, August). Motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation (MI-SI): A pilot study in psychiatrically hospitalized Veterans. Paper presented at the VA Mental Health Conference, Baltimore, MD.

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R. & Maisto, S. A. (2011, April). Motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation (MI-SI): A pilot study in psychiatrically hospitalized Veterans. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Portland, OR 

Britton, P. C., Conner, K. R. & Maisto, S. A. (2011, March). Motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation (MI-SI): A pilot study in psychiatrically hospitalized Veterans.. Paper presented at the Department of Defense Veterans Administration Suicide Prevention Conference, Boston, MA.

Britton, P. C. & Bossarte, R. M. (2010, June). Satisfaction with life in depressed men with a history of military service. Poster session presented at the VA Mental Health Conference, Baltimore, MD.

Britton, P. C. & Bossarte, R. M. (2010, April). Satisfaction with life in depressed men with a history of military service. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Lake Buena Vista, FL.

Britton, P. C. Bossarte, R. M., Lu, N. & Hua, H. (2009, April). Age-related differences in depression among men with a history of military service. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, San Francisco, CA.

Recent Grants:

Co-Investigator: Facilitating use of the Veterans Crisis Line in high risk patients (I01HX001587-01; Ilgen, PI). VA Health Science Research and Development (HSR&D). (2014-present)

Co-Investigator: Opioid misuse and overdose risk patterns in recent Veterans (R01DA036754-01; Bennett, PI) National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2014-present)

Principal Investigator: Motivational interviewing to reduce risk for suicide in Veterans (IK2CX000641; Britton, PI) VA Clinical Science Research and Development (CSR&D). (2012-2017)

Principal Investigator: Influences on call outcomes among Veteran callers to the National Crisis Line (Britton, PI) VA Mental Health Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) (2011)

Consultant: Development of an Intervention for Soldiers and Veterans with Co-Occurring Traumatic Brain Injury and Substance Abuse (Olson-Madden, PI) DOD Deployment Related Medical Research Program, Office of Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program. (2009-2011)

Principal Investigator: Pilot Study of A Brief Intervention for Hospitalized Veterans (Britton, PI) VA Center of Excellence for Suicide Prevention. Direct Costs N/A (2009-2011)

Principal Investigator: Loan Repayment Award (LRP) (Britton, PI) National Institute of Health (NIH). Award Deferred (2007)

 

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