VISN 2 Center for Integrated Healthcare (CIH) - MIRECC / CoE
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VISN 2 Center for Integrated Healthcare (CIH)

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Paul R. King, Jr., PhD

Clinical Research Psychologist

Biography

Publications

Presentations

Grants

Mentorship

Biography

Paul King Photo

Biography: 

Dr. King is a Clinical Research Psychologist at the Center for Integrated Healthcare (CIH) in Buffalo, NY and the Director of the CIH Postdoctoral Fellowship Program. He is a graduate of the VA Advanced Fellowship in Mental Illness (MIRECC) program at CIH, and completed his pre-doctoral psychology internship at the VA Western New York Healthcare System. He earned both his MA and PhD from the State University of New York's University at Buffalo. He is a licensed psychologist, and provides behavioral
health services and consultation in an integrated VA primary care clinic.

Research Interests: 

Dr. King’s research interests include post-deployment health issues in combat Veterans, mental health assessment, and processes pertaining to integrated care delivery. Most recently, his program of research has emphasized development and testing of brief cognitive-behavioral interventions to address mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Other recent post-deployment health studies have explored the cognitive and emotional impacts of deployment on combat Veterans and health care utilization among Veterans with history of mTBI and PTSD. Related work has investigated the utility of pre-deployment cognitive characteristics in predicting future mental health outcomes, and the psychometric properties of a common post-concussive symptom measure. Studies pertaining to mental health assessment and care delivery have explored facilitators and barriers in Veterans’ use of primary care-based mental health services, Veterans’ experiences in treatment, and mental health providers' use of brief symptom assessments in integrated care settings.

Publications

Recent Publications:

(past five years;*denotes Postdoctoral mentee/former mentee, **denotes student/former student)

Beehler, G.P., King, P.R., Heavy, S.C., & Dollar, K.M. (in press). Pain prevention in integrated primary care. In W. O’Donohue & M. Zimmerman (Eds.), Handbook of Evidence-Based Prevention of Behavioral Disorders in Integrated Care. Springer.

Beehler, G. P., Loughran, T. A., King, P. R., Dollar, K. M., Murphy, J. L., Kearney, L .K., & Goldstein, W. R. (2021). Patients’ perspectives of Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain: Treatment satisfaction, perceived utility, and global assessment of change. Families, Systems, & Health, 39(2), 351-357.

King, P.R. Jr., Beehler, G.P., Donnelly, K., Funderburk, J.S., & Wray, L.O. (2021). A Practical Guide to Applying the Delphi Technique in Mental Health Treatment Adaptation: The Example of Enhanced Problem-Solving Training (E-PST). Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 52(4), 376-386.

Funderburk, J.S., Dollar, K.M., King, P.R., Pomerantz, A., Bernstein, L., Aspnes, A., Tenhula, W., & Wray, L. (2021). Problem-solving training for VA integrated primary care providers: Real-world outcomes. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 52(1), 58-66.

Beehler, G. P., Funderburk, J. S., King, P. R., Possemato, K., Maddoux, J. A., Goldstein, W. R., & Wade, M. (2020). Validation of an expanded measure of integrated care provider fidelity: PPAQ-2. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 27, 158-172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09628-0

Beehler, G.P., Murphy, J., King, P.R., Dollar, K., Kearney, L., Haslam, A., Wade, M., & Goldstein, W. (2019). Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain: Results from a Clinical Demonstration Project in Primary Care Behavioral Health. Clinical Journal of Pain, 35, 809-817.

King, P.R., Beehler, G.P., *Buchholz, L.J., Johnson, E.M., & Wray, L.O. (2019). Functional Concerns and Treatment Priorities among Veterans Receiving VHA Primary Care Behavioral Health Services. Families, Systems and Health, 37(1), 68-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fsh0000393

King, P.R., Beehler, G.P., Wade, M., *Buchholz, L.J., Funderburk, J.S., Lilienthal, K.R., & Vair, C.L. (2018). Opportunities to Improve Measurement-Based Care Practices in Mental Health Care Systems: A Case Example of Electronic Mental Health Screening and Measurement. Families, Systems and Health, 36(4), 427-438. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fsh0000379

*Buchholz, L.J., King, P.R., & Wray, L.O. (2018). Rates and correlates of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. Eating Behaviors, 30, 28-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.05.00221.

Possemato, K., Johnson, E.M., Beehler, G.P., Shepardson, R.L., King, P., Vair, C.L., Funderburk, J.S., Maisto, S.A., & Wray, L.O. (2018). Patient Outcomes Associated with Primary Care Behavioral Health Services: A Systematic Review. General Hospital Psychiatry, 53, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2018.04.002

Donnelly, K., Donnelly, J.P., Warner, G., Kittleson, C.J. & King, P.R. (2018). Longitudinal Study of Objective and Subjective Cognitive Performance and Psychological Distress in OEF/OIF Veterans with and without Traumatic Brain Injury. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 32(3), 436-455. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2017.1390163

King, P.R., Beehler, G.P., Vest, B.M., Donnelly, K., & Wray, L.O. (2018). Qualitative Exploration of Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Beliefs among U.S. Military Veterans. Rehabilitation Psychology, 63(1), 121-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000165

Vair, C.L, King, P.R., Gass, J., Eaker, A., Kusche, A., & Wray, L.O. (2018). Electronic Medical Record Documentation of Driving Safety for Veterans with Diagnosed Dementia. The Clinical Gerontologist, 41(1), 66-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07317115.2017.1312654

Lilienthal, K.R., *Buchholz, L.J., King, P.R., Vair, C.L., Funderburk, J.S., & Beehler, G.P. (2017). Mental health measurement among women veterans receiving co-located, collaborative care services. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 22(10), 1192-1202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2017.1290809

Beehler, G. P., Lilienthal, K. R., Possemato, K., Johnson, E. M., King, P. R., Shepardson, R. L., Vair, C. L., Reyner, J., Funderburk, J. S., Maisto, S. A., & Wray, L. O. (2017). Narrative Review of Provider Behavior in Primary Care Behavioral Health: How Process Data Can Inform Quality Improvement. Families, Systems, & Health, 35(3), 257- 270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fsh0000263

King, P. R., Beehler, G.P., Vair, C.L., Gass, J., Funderburk, J.S., Lilienthal, K.R., & Novi, J. (2017). Identifying Measurement-Based Care Practices of VHA Co-located, Collaborative Care Providers. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 48(4), 236-242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pro0000048

*Buchholz, L.J., King, P.R., & Wray, L.O.  (2017). Identification and management of eating disorders in integrated primary care: Recommendations for psychologists in integrated care settings. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 24, 163-177. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10880-017-9497-8

King, P.R., Donnelly, K.T., Warner, G., Wade, M., & Pigeon, W.R. (2017). The Natural History of Sleep Disturbance among OEF/OIF Veterans with TBI and PTSD and the Role of Proxy Variables in its Measurement. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 96, 60-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2017.03.012

Wray, L.O., Pikoff, E., King, P.R., Moskal, D.J., Beehler, G.P. & Maisto, S.A. (2016). Veterans' Mental Health Beliefs: Facilitators and Barriers to Primary Care-Mental Health Use. Families, Systems, and Health, 34(4), 404-413. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fsh0000231

Beehler, G.P., King, P.R., Vair, C.L., Gass, J., & Funderburk, J. (2016). Measurement of Common Mental Health Conditions in VHA Co-located, Collaborative Care. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 23, 378-388. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10880-016-9478-3

Presentations

Recent Presentations:

(past five years;*denotes Postdoctoral mentee/former mentee, **denotes student/former student)

Mastroleo, N., Possemato, K., Balderrama-Durbin, C., King, P., Rauch, S.A.M. (2022, June). Initial Testing of a Brief, Integrated Intervention Aimed at Reducing Heavy Alcohol Use and PTSD among Military Veterans in Primary Care. In N. Mastroleo Ph.D., (Chair), Hazardous alcohol use among Veterans with co-occurring mental health concerns: Mechanisms, consequences, and novel treatment effects. Symposium presented at the 45th Annual Research Society on Alcoholism Conference. (Orlando, FL).

King, P.R. Jr., *Buchholz, L.J., Tauriello, S., & Wray, L.O. (2021, October). Disordered Eating Symptoms in Women Veterans: Sociocultural Influences and Treatment Preferences in Primary Care Behavioral Health. Poster presented at the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association’s 23rd Annual Conference. (Virtual Conference).

Beehler, G.P., Dollar, K.M., Funderburk, J.S., Moskal, D., & King, P.R. (2021, October). Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain: Guidance for Successful Implementation in Primary Care Behavioral Health. Presentation at the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association’s 23rd Annual Conference. (Virtual Conference).

**Shaw, R., Crinnin, C., Pengelly, C., Ramon, A., Guyker, W., Cook-Cottone, C., & King, P.R. Jr. (2021, April). An Examination of Sexual Assault History on Women Veterans' Physical Health and Pain Ratings. Research Spotlight presentation at the Society of Behavioral Medicine’s 42nd Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions. (Virtual Conference).

King, P.R. Jr. (2021, April). Discussant for J. Greenberg, PhD (Chair), Behavioral Treatment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Novel Approaches, Risk Factors and Clinical Considerations. Symposium presented at the Society of Behavioral Medicine’s 42nd Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions. (Virtual Conference).

Beehler, G.P., Funderburk, J.S., King, P.R., Dollar, K.M., Murphy, J.L., Goldstein, W.R., Wade, M. & Heapy, A. (November, 2020). Feasibility Outcomes from a Pilot Trial of Brief CBT for Chronic Pain: Extending the Reach of Biopsychosocial Treatment for Chronic Pain.  In R. Shepherdson, Ph.D. (Chair), Expanding access to CBT through primary care: Pilot data on brief interventions for mental and behavioral health concerns. Symposium presented at the 54th Annual Convention of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies. (Virtual Conference).

Mastroleo, NR., Possemato, K., King, P., Balderrama-Durbin, C., Castro, I., & Rauch, S. (2020, June). Adaptation of a Brief Intervention to Reduce Heavy Alcohol Use and PTSD Among Veterans Using a Consensus Method and Open Trial Approach. Poster to be presented at the 43rd Annual RSA Scientific Meeting/ ISBRA Congress. New Orleans, LA. (Conference cancelled)

King, P.R. Jr. (2020, April). Discussant for J. Greenberg, Ph.D. & S. Bannon, MA (Co-Chairs), Psychosocial Factors Linked to Persistent Symptoms Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Symposium accepted for presentation at the Society of Behavioral Medicine’s 41st Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions. San Francisco, CA. https://plan.core-apps.com/sbm_annual2020/event/43ba148e293bdd5d1d1439d78e131f88 (Conference cancelled)

Beehler, G.P., Dollar, K.M., Kearny, L.K., Murphy, J., King, P.R., & Goldstein, W. (2020, February). Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain: Perspectives of VA Integrated Care Providers. Poster presented at the American Academy of Pain Medicine 36th Annual Meeting. National Harbor, MD.

King, P., Beehler, G., Donnelly, K., Funderburk, J., & Wray, L. (2019, December). Applying the Delphi Technique in Mental Health Treatment Adaptation: Enhancing Cultural Relevance while Maintaining Fidelity. Poster presented at the Academy Health 12th Annual Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation in Health. Arlington, VA.

Wray, L.O., Vest, B.M., Brady, L.L., & King, P.R. (2019, November). Behavioral Health Workforce Development to Improve Dementia Care in Integrated Primary Care. In M.F. Wyman, Ph.D. (Chair), Dementia Care & Behavioral Health Workforce Development: Innovations in Training Across Settings. Symposium presented at the Gerontological Society of America’s 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting. Austin, TX.

Possemato, K., Mastroleo, N., King, P., Balderamma-Durbin, C., Castro, I., & Rauch, S. (2019, November). A Delphi Study to Integrate Prolonged Exposure for Primary Care and Motivational Enhancement Therapy for Heavy Alcohol Use. Poster presented at the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies 35th Annual Meeting. Boston, MA.

Loughran, T., Beehler, G., King, P., Dollar, K., Murphy, J., Kearney, L., & Goldstein, W. (2019, October). Patients’ Perspectives of Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain: Treatment Satisfaction, Perceived Utility, and Global Assessment of Change. Poster presented at the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association’s 21st Annual Conference. Denver, CO.

Funderburk, J.S., Dollar, K., Wray, L., Pomerantz, A., King, P. & Tenhula, W. (2019, March). Problem Solving Training for Primary Care Settings: Real-World Outcomes. Poster presented at the Anxiety and Depression Association for America’s 39th Annual Conference. Chicago, IL.

Beehler, G.P., King, P.R., & Goldstein, W. (2019, March). Using a Continuum of Qualitative Data to Advance Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain. In J. Funderburk, Ph.D. (Chair), Development of Brief Interventions for Integrated Primary Care: A Focus on Qualitative Data, Symposium presented at the Society of Behavioral Medicine’s 40th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions. Washington, D.C.

Beehler, G.P., Murphy, J., King, P.R., Dollar, K.M., & Kearney, L.K. (2018, October). Leveraging Partnerships to Develop Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain: Addressing the Needs of the System, Provider, and Patient. Special session presented at the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association’s 20th Annual Conference. Rochester, NY.

Johnson, E.M., King, P.R., Beehler, G.P., *Buchholz, L.J., & Wray, L.O. (2018, October). Welcome to the Team! Engaging Patients as Team Members through Shared Decision Making. Special session presented at the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association’s 20th Annual Conference. Rochester, NY.

King, P.R., Beehler, G.P., *Buchholz, L.J., Johnson, E.M., & Wray, L.O. (2018, April). Veterans’ Presenting Concerns in Primary Care Mental Health Services Differ by Gender. Poster presented at the Society of Behavioral Medicine’s 39th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions. New Orleans, LA.

Beehler, G.P., Funderburk, J.S., Possemato, K., King, P.R., Maddoux, J., Goldstein, W., & Wade, M. (2018, April).  Measuring Practice Variation in Integrated Primary Care: Validation of the PPAQ-2. Poster presented at the Society of Behavioral Medicine’s 39th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions. New Orleans, LA.

Beehler, G. P., Murphy, J., King, P. R., Dollar, K. M., Kearney, L. (2018, April). Brief CBT for Chronic Pain: Development and implementation of a protocol for Integrated Primary Care.  In Jennifer Funderburk, Ph.D. (Chair), Interventions for Chronic Pain in Primary Care: A Focus on Evaluation, Symposium presented at the Society of Behavioral Medicine’s 39th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions. New Orleans, LA.

Grants

Recent Grants:

(past five years; *denotes Postdoctoral mentee/former mentee, **denotes student/former student)

Co-Investigator. (PI: K. Dollar). Enhancing Rural Mental Health Access through High-Efficiency Provider Training: Adapting Problem-Solving Training in Primary Care (PST-PC). Veterans Rural Health Resource Center Grant. $239,788. (TBD).

Co-Investigator. (PI: G. Beehler). Assessing the Feasibility of Chronic Pain Prevention Strategies in Primary Care. Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D) Small aWard Initiative For impacT – Independent VA Investigators (SWIFT-IVI FY22-03-1) $41,923. (2022 – 2023).

Co-Investigator. (PI: G. Beehler). Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain to Improve Functional Outcomes among Primary Care Veterans. VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Merit Program (1I01 RX003485-01A1). $1,105,930. (2021 – 2025).

Principal Investigator. (Co-I’s: W. Guyker, C. Cook-Cottone, A. Ramon). Exploration of Women Veterans’ Health and Wellness Activities in Primary Care. VA Center for Integrated Healthcare Pilot Grant Program. $12,210. (2020 – 2021).

Principal Investigator. (Co-I’s: L. Wray, G. Beehler, K. Donnelly, J. Funderburk). Enhanced Problem-Solving Training (E-PST) to Improve Recovery from mTBI. VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Career Development Award-2 (IK2 RX002796). $864,011. (2018 – 2023).

Co-Investigator/ Site Principal Investigator. (Co-PI’s: N. Mastroleo, K. Possemato). An Integrated Brief Alcohol and PTSD Intervention for Veterans in Primary Care. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Planning Grant. (R34 AA026745). $450,000. (2018 – 2021).

Co-Investigator. (PI: G. Beehler). RCT of Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain. VA Rehabilitation Research and Development SPiRE Program (I21 RX002741). $199,961. (2018 – 2020).

Mentorship

Why do I mentor? “My experience of receiving and offering mentorship has been greatly rewarding, and one that I view as critical to professional development as a scientist-practitioner. My hope is that the individuals I mentor will continue growing as professionals, advancing their own lines of work to improve Veterans’ health and well-being in innovative ways.

How do I go about mentoring? “I take a developmental approach to mentoring. Generally, we start by building a training plan to identify what mentees’ goals are relative to research, practice, and other areas of professional growth. Over the course of our work together, we then collaborate to identify opportunities to address those training goals through scheduled and ad hoc supervision, didactics, consultation, and real-world project experience. Ultimately, I strive to build a collegial and supportive environment that will support mentees as they build advanced competencies in research and practice as well as grow their sense of independence.

Areas I tend to Emphasize within Mentorship:

  • Doing work that is personally and professionally meaningful
  • Developing professional goals and plans to reach milestones
  • Practical experience with project implementation and administration
  • Learning to use and adapt manualized interventions
  • Mixed-methods approaches to addressing research questions
  • Scientific writing and communication Participation in professional conferences
  • Effective time and effort management Work-life fit

Accomplishments of Previous Students

  • Peer-reviewed publications
  • Conference presentations
  • Awarded pilot grant

Accepting New Mentees

As part of the Post-Doctoral Fellowship Program, I am currently accepting new mentees.

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