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View the Treatment Process Up Close

Let's see what it is like to go through Integrative Behavioral Couples Therapy (IBCT) treatment!

What Will Treatment Be Like?

During the first few sessions of Integrative Behavioral Couples Therapy (IBCT), a trained therapist will work with you to help you understand and address specific factors that contribute to problems in your relationship. In Session 4, your therapist will provide a summary of this information for you to discuss. At this point, you, your partner, and your therapist will have an opportunity to talk about whether IBCT seems like a good fit for you and whether to continue to the Active Phase of treatment. If you continue with treatment, you and your therapist will develop treatment goals that are specific to you. Then, you'll work together to achieve these goals.

During the Active Phase of treatment, you and your partner will work on developing greater acceptance of each other, rather than trying to change one another. You will also learn ways to increase positive interactions and experiences. You may also learn effective communication and problem-solving skills for improving how you and your partner relate to each other and deal with daily challenges. Throughout treatment, your therapist will ask you for feedback to make sure things are headed in the right direction. You and your partner will also be provided with helpful information to review at home. Treatment generally lasts between 4 and 6 months, though you and your therapist will decide what's right for you.

Treatment Up Close: Doug and Emma's Journey

Click on this video to see how IBCT treatment turned out for Doug and Emma.

Treatment Success: Miguel and Sophia's Story

Read about what treatment looked like for Miguel and Sophia by clicking on the pages of this e-book. Miguel and Sophia's story is based on the experiences of Veterans with relationship struggles that have decided to give IBCT treatment a try. See if you can spot the treatment steps in Miguel and Sophia's story!

Miguel and Sophia's Story


Miguel and Sophia both served in the Navy during the Gulf War, but met after their time in the service. Miguel liked that Sophia was kind and "no-nonsense". Sophia thought Miguel was exciting-he liked to "live for today".

However, their courtship was rocky. After dating for a year, Miguel had a brief affair. Sophia was hurt and broke up with Miguel. Miguel expressed remorse and, after several months, they moved in together. Although, Sophia wasn't really sure she could really trust him again. Miguel felt frustrated-he hoped they could put the past behind them.

During an appointment with his primary care doc, Miguel mentioned he and Sophia were having a rough time.

Miguel's doctor recommended they consider a new couples therapy, called "Integrative Behavioral Couples Therapy" (IBCT). Miguel checked it out further at the Treatment Works For Vets website and showed that to Sophia. They both liked that the therapy focused on the core issues of relationships and that it has helped many Vets. They agreed to try it out.

Sessions 1-3 (Assessment)

Miguel and Sophia met with Kevin, a social worker at the VA with expertise in IBCT. Kevin told them about the treatment and what to expect. He said the first few sessions would focus on learning more about their relationship. Then, in the fourth session, he would provide them with feedback and they could then decide together if they wished to continue to the Active Treatment phase. Miguel and Sophia liked the idea of learning more about their relationship and only having to agree to four sessions in the beginning.

Kevin asked Sophia and Miguel questions about their relationship-what first attracted them to each other first, their early history, what's gone well, and what have they been struggling with.

During the first session, Kevin collected this information meeting with Miguel and Sophia together. And he gave them a few questionnaires on their relationship to complete on their own after session. Then, in Sessions 2 and 3, Kevin met Miguel and Sophia separately to get their own perspectives on the relationship and learn more about their personal histories.

Session 4 (Feedback)

During the fourth meeting, Kevin provided Miguel and Sophia with feedback on key factors affecting their relationship, using the DEEP understanding framework. This explains relationship problems based on:

Differences between partners

Emotional sensitivities or styles of each partner

External stresses (e.g., financial debt, job loss, and parenting)

Patterns of communication used to resolve problems due to differences or stress

Kevin used the DEEP to help explain one of primary issues they had identified-trust. He pointed out that though they cared for each other, the differences that brought them together (e.g., Miguel was outgoing and lively, Sophia was responsible and serious) now seemed to be areas driving them apart. Kevin also explained that part of the problem was they had different ways of dealing with disagreements-Miguel withdrew and Sophia kept repeating her concerns because she felt alone and unheard. Kevin said Miguel and Sophia had very different ideas of how to understand and come to terms with Miguel's brief affair. He hoped to help them with that because they both seemed to deeply care about each other. Miguel was relieved not to be labeled "the bad guy".

Kevin said he believed that Sophia and Miguel were good candidates for IBCT. He suggested that they consider starting with four sessions. Then, they could see it is helping and if they wished to continue further. Sophia and Miguel liked this approach and agreed to go forward.

Sessions 5-8 (Active Treatment Phase)

Focusing on real-life situations, Kevin helped Sophia and Miguel better understand each other and their disagreements, as well as patterns of interactions around disagreements. In the seventh session, Miguel and Sophia described a bad argument when Miguel had come home from work a couple hours late and hadn't called Sophia. Miguel said he had needed to finish a big work assignment and then stopped for a drink with a colleague to decompress. It was very innocent in his view. But, Sophia had become livid. With Kevin's guidance, Sophia was able to say that she had thought he was with another woman-and all that was in her mind was her mother wondering and worrying about her father who was not around and with…

...other women when Sophia was young. She didn't want a life like that. It made her feel so small. So when Miguel came home, she needed to let Miguel know how upset she was.

Beneath the anger, Kevin helped Sophia tell Miguel that she felt hurt when he hadn't called her, and that his earlier affair had "broken" her heart. Miguel was surprised that, over two years later, Sophia immediately thought he had gone out on her after being a little late. He took Sophia's hand and stroked it. Kevin helped Miguel tell Sophia he loved her but that needing to report home made him feel controlled like he felt in his parents' home. He also thought if he called, Sophia would go on about how hard things were at the house and with the kids, so he avoided it.

Sophia said she never intended for Miguel to feel like she was trying to control him, but could see how her anger was getting in the way. Miguel said he didn't realize she would think he was being unfaithful, as he's been trying to be totally devoted. Miguel also willingly listened as Kevin prompted Sophia to describe how the affair had hurt her, and how her father's affairs may have primed her to expect the worse from Miguel. Sharing their feelings helped Miguel and Sophia understand and start to feel closer to each other.

Kevin helped identify the familiar interaction pattern-Sophia being critical and Miguel withdrawing.

Sessions 9-16 (Active Treatment Phase Continued)

Miguel and Sophia found that treatment was helping them to better understand each other and their interactions. As a result, they noticed that the tension at home had gone down, though they they still needed some work. They opted to continue for two more rounds of 4 sessions. During the next several sessions, Kevin helped Sophia and Miguel continue to increase their emotional understanding of each other's behaviors. As this grew, Sophia finally felt able to relax a bit into the relationship and trust Miguel more. This prompted Miguel to want to "rise to the occasion" and take more responsibility around the house and with the kids.

Kevin also taught Miguel and Sophia strategies to help them communicate better and limit their approach-avoidance tendencies. Miguel noticed that as they focused more on communicating how things make them feel, rather than criticizing or blaming, he was less likely to have the feeling of being controlled. And Sophia said that as Miguel started to use listening skills they practiced in session, she felt better understood and more important to him.

Miguel also made a point of trying to do something nice for Sophia each week. As Sophia felt more comfortable and confident, she was more laid back, and the intimacy in the relationship improved.

Miguel and Sophia ended treatment after their 16th session. They felt they had made good progress and had new attitudes and tools to continue to address challenges that come up. Six months later, they were still fighting less and feeling more connected and committed to each other. And they had even set a wedding date!


Now that we've learned about IBCT for Relationship Distress, let's explore what goals you may have for treatment.

  1. Learn about Proven Treatment You are here
  2. View the Treatment Process Up Close You are here
  3. Explore Your Goals You are here
  4. Find Treatment You are here

Explore your goals

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Questions or problems? Contact Rocky Mountain MIRECC.


Contact Information


Rocky Mountain Regional VAMC (RMR VAMC)
1700 N Wheeling St, BLDG A2
Aurora, CO 80045


VA Salt Lake City Health Care System
500 Foothill DR
Salt Lake City, UT 84148
801-582-1565 x2821